Elaboration of a quantitative job-exposure matrix for historical exposure to airborne exposures in the Polish rubber industry.
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Authorsde Vocht, F.
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AbstractBACKGROUND: A job-exposure matrix (JEM) for inhalable aerosols, aromatic amines, and cyclohexane soluble matter (CSM) was elaborated based on measurements collected routinely between 1981 and 1996. METHODS: The data were grouped based on similarities in exposure levels and time trends in different departments, and were analyzed using smoothing splines and mixed effects models. RESULTS: Although higher than in western European countries, inhalable aerosol exposure decreased after changes in production volume and implementation of exposure reduction measures in mid-1980s. Aromatic amines concentrations first increased following the factory's production volume, but subsequently decreased in more recent years. CSM concentrations were uniformly distributed between departments. CONCLUSIONS: This JEM provides an overview of historical exposure levels in a large Polish rubber factory and will enable estimation of lifetime exposure for individual workers in a Polish rubber workers cohort and further investigation of the associations between specific exposures and cancer risk.
CitationAm. J. Ind. Med. 2008, 51 (11):852-860
- Exposure to inhalable dust and its cyclohexane soluble fraction since the 1970s in the rubber manufacturing industry in the European Union.
- Authors: de Vocht F, Vermeulen R, Burstyn I, Sobala W, Dost A, Taeger D, Bergendorf U, Straif K, Swuste P, Kromhout H, EU-EXASRUB consortium.
- Issue date: 2008 Jun
- Trends in exposure to inhalable particulate and dermal contamination in the rubber manufacturing industry: effectiveness of control measures implemented over a nine-year period.
- Authors: Vermeulen R, de Hartog J, Swuste P, Kromhout H
- Issue date: 2000 Aug
- Cancer mortality and occupational exposure to aromatic amines and inhalable aerosols in rubber tire manufacturing in Poland.
- Authors: de Vocht F, Sobala W, Wilczynska U, Kromhout H, Szeszenia-Dabrowska N, Peplonska B
- Issue date: 2009 Aug
- Identification of dermal exposure pathways in the rubber manufacturing industry.
- Authors: Vermeulen R, Heideman J, Bos RP, Kromhout H
- Issue date: 2000 Oct
- Historical limitations of determinant based exposure groupings in the rubber manufacturing industry.
- Authors: Vermeulen R, Kromhout H
- Issue date: 2005 Nov
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