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dc.contributor.authorTokumaru, Osamu
dc.contributor.authorHaruki, Kosuke
dc.contributor.authorBacal, Kira
dc.contributor.authorKatagiri, Tomomi
dc.contributor.authorYamamoto, Taisuke
dc.contributor.authorSakurai, Yutaka
dc.date.accessioned2009-05-20T07:28:52Z
dc.date.available2009-05-20T07:28:52Z
dc.date.issued2009-05-20T07:28:52Z
dc.identifier.citationJ. Travel. Med. 13 (3):127-132en
dc.identifier.issn1195-1982
dc.identifier.pmid16706942
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1708-8305.2006.00029.x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/68613
dc.descriptionCancer type: malignant melanoma; breast cancerStudy design: cohort study. Study size: 15433 individuals. Description of cohort(s) studied: Only cohort studies of cancer incidence in female commercial airline female flight attendants (FA), which compared each incidence with that of a national or state reference population data [ie, standardized incidence ratio (SIR)], were included.Exposure(s) evaluated: exposure to known or suspected carcinogens and mutagens such as ionizing radiation,ozone, jet engine emissions, electromagnetic fields, and cigarette smokeDose-response: RRc and 95% confidence interval (CI) for malignant melanoma and breast cancer in female FA were 2.13 (95% CI: 1.58-2.88) and 1.41 (1.22-1.62) (p < 0.0001). Excess risk was not significant for all-site cancer with RRc of 1.10 (0.99-1.21). CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis confirmed the significantly increased risks for malignant melanoma and breast cancer in female FA. KEYWORD CLASSIFICATION: Air Pollutants;Air Pollutants,Radioactive;analysis;Aviation;Breast Neoplasms;cancer epidemiology;Cosmic Radiation;epidemiology;etiology;Female;Humans;Hygiene;Incidence;Japan;manpower;Melanoma;Meta-Analysis;Middle Aged;Neoplasms,Radiation-Induced;Occupational Diseases;Occupational Exposure;Registries;Risk Factors;Skin Neoplasms;statistics & numerical data;Women's Health;Women,Working;en
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Airline flight personnel work in a unique environment with exposure to known or suspected carcinogens and mutagens including ionizing cosmic radiation. A meta-analysis was conducted to study whether the occupational exposure of female flight attendants (FA) increased their relative risk of cancer incidence. METHODS: A bibliographical computer search from 1966 to 2005 of cancer incidence cohort studies of female FA was performed. Combined relative risks (RRc) in cancer incidence were calculated by means of meta-analysis. RESULTS: RRc and 95% confidence interval (CI) for malignant melanoma and breast cancer in female FA were 2.13 (95% CI: 1.58-2.88) and 1.41 (1.22-1.62) (p < 0.0001). Excess risk was not significant for all-site cancer with RRc of 1.10 (0.99-1.21). CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis confirmed the significantly increased risks for malignant melanoma and breast cancer in female FA. Increased exposure to cosmic radiation during flight has been suggested as a potential occupational risk factor. Ultraviolet radiation exposure on board seems an unlikely occupational risk, but nonoccupational leisure time sun exposure is a possible risk factor. The etiology of the observed increase in incidence of some cancers remains controversial because assessment of possible confounders, especially nonoccupational exposure factors, has thus far been limited.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118566201/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0en
dc.subject.meshAir Pollutants, Radioactive
dc.subject.meshAviation
dc.subject.meshBreast Neoplasms
dc.subject.meshCosmic Radiation
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshIncidence
dc.subject.meshMelanoma
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged
dc.subject.meshNeoplasms, Radiation-Induced
dc.subject.meshOccupational Diseases
dc.subject.meshOccupational Exposure
dc.subject.meshRegistries
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors
dc.subject.meshSkin Neoplasms
dc.subject.meshWomen's Health
dc.subject.meshWomen, Working
dc.titleIncidence of cancer among female flight attendants: a meta-analysis.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of travel medicine : official publication of the International Society of Travel Medicine and the Asia Pacific Travel Health Associationen
html.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Airline flight personnel work in a unique environment with exposure to known or suspected carcinogens and mutagens including ionizing cosmic radiation. A meta-analysis was conducted to study whether the occupational exposure of female flight attendants (FA) increased their relative risk of cancer incidence. METHODS: A bibliographical computer search from 1966 to 2005 of cancer incidence cohort studies of female FA was performed. Combined relative risks (RRc) in cancer incidence were calculated by means of meta-analysis. RESULTS: RRc and 95% confidence interval (CI) for malignant melanoma and breast cancer in female FA were 2.13 (95% CI: 1.58-2.88) and 1.41 (1.22-1.62) (p < 0.0001). Excess risk was not significant for all-site cancer with RRc of 1.10 (0.99-1.21). CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis confirmed the significantly increased risks for malignant melanoma and breast cancer in female FA. Increased exposure to cosmic radiation during flight has been suggested as a potential occupational risk factor. Ultraviolet radiation exposure on board seems an unlikely occupational risk, but nonoccupational leisure time sun exposure is a possible risk factor. The etiology of the observed increase in incidence of some cancers remains controversial because assessment of possible confounders, especially nonoccupational exposure factors, has thus far been limited.


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