Browsing NIOM - Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine by Authors
Smoking at workplace – Legislation and health aspect of exposure to second-hand tobacco smokeLipinska-Ojrzanowska, Agnieszka; Polanska, Kinga; Wiszniewska, Marta; Kleniewska, Aneta; Dörre-Kolasa, Dominika; Walusiak-Skorupa, Jolanta; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland; Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland (2015)Tobacco smoke contains thousands of xenobiotics harmful to human health. Their irritant, toxic and carcinogenic potential has been well documented. Passive smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) in public places, including workplace, poses major medical problems. Owing to this fact there is a strong need to raise workers’ awareness of smoking-related hazards through educational programs and to develop and implement legislation aimed at eliminating SHS exposure. This paper presents a review of reports on passive exposure to tobacco smoke and its impact on human health and also a review of binding legal regulations regarding smoking at workplace in Poland. It has been proved that exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy may lead to, e.g., preterm delivery and low birth weight, sudden infant death syndrome, lung function impairment, asthma and acute respiratory illnesses in the future. Exposure to tobacco smoke, only in the adult age, is also considered as an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, acute and chronic respiratory diseases and cancer. Raising public awareness of tobacco smoke harmfulness should be a top priority in the field of workers’ health prevention. Occupational medicine physicians have regular contacts with occupationally active people who smoke. Thus, occupational health services have a unique opportunity to increase employees and employers’ awareness of adverse health effects of smoking and their prevention.
Spirometric and hygienic criteria in recognition of occupational COPD in Poland - A retrospective analysis of medical records.Kleniewska, Aneta; Walusiak-Skorupa, Jolanta; Lipinska-Ojrzanowska, Agnieszka; Szczesniak, Kamila; Wiszniewska, Marta; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (2017-11-03)Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be work-related. It has been estimated that 15% of the population burden of COPD is attributable to occupational exposure. However, in Poland COPD is rarely recognized as an occupational disease. The aim of the study has been to analyze the causes of the low prevalence of work-related COPD in the context of the existing criteria as well as to analyze which part of the assessment - clinical or hygienic one - is responsible for such a low rate of occupational COPD recognitions.
Work-related symptoms among workers exposed to black tea dust.Lipinska-Ojrzanowska, Agnieszka; Wiszniewska, Marta; Tymoszuk, Diana; Palczynski, Cezary; Walusiak-Skorupa, Jolanta; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland (2015)Tea may be classified as unfermented green, semi-ferinented oolong and fermented black. All of these types are derived from Camellia sinensis, the Tea Plant, which contains the low molecular weight (LMW) agent Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), probably responsible for allergic reactions. The aim of our study was to asses the work-related allergic symptoms and IgE-mediated sensitivity among black tea packers.