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CD40 ligation protects bronchial epithelium against oxidant-induced caspase-independent cell death.(2006-08)CD40 and its ligand regulate pleiotropic biological responses, including cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. In many inflammatory lung diseases, tissue damage by environmental or endogenous oxidants plays a major role in disease pathogenesis. As the epithelial barrier is a major target for these oxidants, we postulated that CD40, the expression of which is increased in asthma, plays a role in the regulation of apoptosis of bronchial epithelial cells exposed to oxidants. Using 16HBE 14o- cells exposed to oxidant stress, we found that ligation of CD40 (induced by G28-5 monoclonal antibodies) enhanced cell survival and increased the number of cells in G2/M (interphase between DNA synthesis and mitosis) of the cell cycle. This was associated with NF-kappaB and activator protein-1 activation and increased expression of the inhibitor of apoptosis, c-IAP1. However, oxidant stress-induced apoptosis was found to be caspase- and calpain-independent implicating CD40 ligation as a regulator of caspase-independent cell death. This was confirmed by the demonstration that CD40 ligation prevented mitochondrial release and nuclear translocation of apoptosis inducing factor. In conclusion, we demonstrate a novel role for CD40 as a regulator of epithelial cell survival against oxidant stress. Furthermore, we have identified, for the first time, an endogenous inhibitory pathway of caspase-independent cell death.
Characterization of 67 kD laminin receptor, a protein whose gene is overexpressed on treatment of cells with anti-benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide.(2006-04)The molecular mechanisms potentially related to tumorigenesis induced by anti-benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (anti-BPDE) were investigated by suppression subtractive hybridization of the human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE) carcinoma induced by BPDE-transformed 16HBE cells (16HBE-C). The 67 kD laminin receptor gene (67LR1) is one of the screened overexpressed genes in 16HBE-C cells when compared with 16HBE. In order to understand the main functions of 67LR1 gene, we amplified the full length of 67LR1 gene using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. The amplified gene products were inserted into pcDNA 3.1 Directional TOPO expression vector. We then transfected 16HBE cells with this vector and derived stable transfected 16HBE cell lines containing the 67LR1 gene by using lipofectin and G418 selection protocols. The expression products of transfected genes were analyzed by semiquantitative RT-PCR. Soft agar growth assay was carried out to identify the malignant features of 67LR1 gene. The stable transfected cell lines can form colonies in soft agar. Further, the transfected cells showed morphological changes compared to the control cells, such as the obvious pseudopods. These data suggest that the 67LR1 gene may be related to malignant transformation induced by the anti-BPDE. The 67LR1 protein may be related to the directionality of cell movement.