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 Top 5 viewed publications

The challenge resulting from positive and negative effects of sunlight: how much solar UV exposure is appropriate to balance between risks of vitamin D deficiency and skin cancer? (Reichrath, Jörg)

Toxic and metabolic effect of sodium butyrate on SAS tongue cancer cells: role of cell cycle deregulation and redox changes. (Jeng, Jiiang-Huei et al)

Concentrations of resveratrol and derivatives in foods and estimation of dietary intake in a Spanish population: European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Spain cohort. (Zamora-Ros, Raul et al)

DNA adducts and cancer risk in prospective studies: a pooled analysis and a meta-analysis. (Veglia, Fabrizio et al)

Guidelines to evaluate human observational studies for quantitative risk assessment. (Vlaanderen, Jelle et al)

 

  

  • Predictors of Counselling Related to a Healthy Lifestyle Carried Out by a General Practitioner.

    Znyk, Małgorzata; Polańska, Kinga; Wojtysiak, Piotr; Szulc, Michał; Bąk-Romaniszyn, Leokadia; Makowiec-Dąbrowska, Teresa; Zajdel-Całkowska, Justyna; Kaleta, Dorota; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (2019-11-14)
    The aim of the study was to assess whether general practitioners (GPs) monitor and evaluate the health behavior of their patients in the field of a diet, physical activity, and weight control, and whether they provide appropriate counselling as part of this evaluation. Predictors of those activities among physicians were also determined. The cross-sectional study was conducted in the Piotrkowski district among 200 GPs. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic data and lifestyle characteristics of the physicians, their role as healthy lifestyle providers, and whether they assess lifestyle characteristics of their patients and perform healthy lifestyle counselling. More than 60% of the GPs did not evaluate lifestyle features during their patients' examination. In total, 56% of the GPs provided healthy lifestyle recommendations among patients who have not been diagnosed with chronic lifestyle-related diseases but who do not follow healthy recommendations, and 73% of GPs provided recommendations to patients with chronic diseases related to lifestyle. The study showed that the chance to assess lifestyle characteristics of the patients was significantly higher for the GPs who believed that they were obliged to do so (OR = 6.5; p = 0.002). The chance to recommend a healthy lifestyle among patients who have not been diagnosed with chronic lifestyle-related diseases but who do not follow healthy recommendations was 5.9 times higher among the GPs working in the public sector (p < 0.001) and 16.3 times higher for these who believed that they had sufficient knowledge to provide the advice (p = 0.02). The following predictors of providing a healthy lifestyle counselling among patients with diagnosed chronic lifestyle-related diseases were identified: conviction that a GPs is obligated to provide it (OR = 4.4; p = 0.02), sufficient knowledge (OR = 8.7; p = 0.01), and following health recommendations by themselves (OR = 3.9; p = 0.04). Conclusions: The identified predictors are crucial for the development of appropriate strategies aiming at increasing GPs' involvement in preventive measures and consequently at improving the population's health.
  • Cervico-ocular reflex upregulation in dizzy patients with asymmetric neck pathology.

    Zamysłowska-Szmytke, Ewa; Adamczewski, Tomasz; Ziąber, Jacek; Majak, Joanna; Kujawa, Jolanta; Śliwińska-Kowalska, Mariola; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (2019-10-16)
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the restriction in neck rotation and increased neck muscle tension could be causally related to vertigo and dizziness. Material and Methods: Seventy-one patients reporting vertigo and/or imbalance were divided into 2 groups: 45 subjects with unilateral restriction (R+) and 26 without restriction (R–) of cervical rotation and muscle tension in the clinical flexion-rotation test. The normal caloric test was the inclusion criterion. The control group comprised 36 healthy volunteers with no history of vertigo. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and the cervico-occular reflex (COR) were measured through the videonystagmography (VNG) sinusoidal pendular kinetic test in the conditions of not inactivated head and immobilized head, respectively. The VNG-head torsion test (VNG-HTT) nystagmus was recorded. Results: Among the reported complaints, neck stiffness, headaches and blurred vision were more frequent in the R+ group than in both the R– group and the control group. VNG revealed an increased COR gain and the presence of VNG-HTT nystagmus in the R+ group only. Similarly, only in the R+ group a positive relationship between COR and VOR was observed. Conclusions: Patients with asymmetric restriction in neck rotation and increased neck muscle tension reveal the tendency to have an increased response of the vestibular system, along with co-existing COR upregulation. Further research is needed to investigate the relationships between the activation of cervical mechanoreceptors and dizziness pathomechanisms.
  • [Assessment of consumer exposure to chemical agents on the example of the ConsExpo model].

    Niepsuj, Agnieszka; Czerczak, Sławomir; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (2019-12-03)
    Not only employees in industrial plants but also consumers, by using finished products, are exposed to chemical substances. Therefore, consumer exposure assessment is also important. To assess the risk for the consumer, the exposure magnitude is needed but measuring these values in residential conditions of consumers is usually impossible. ConsExpo has been designed to facilitate the exposure assessment to substances in consumer products. It is available in English as a free web application at www. consexpoweb.nl. The ConsExpo Web tool, developed by the Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu), contains a set of models that help in the assessment of exposure to the substances in consumer products. These are mathematical models with increasing complexity, describing exposure by inhalation, dermal and oral routes. Available models are described in this work. ConsExpo is also equipped with a products database with defined exposure scenarios and default values, which could be a starting point for the models. The aim of this work was to review the literature regarding ConsExpo and to present the application to Polish users through the description of the models contained therein and by providing assessments examples. The review was based on databases of scientific journals. ConsExpo is a commonly known tool, and one of its applications is exposure estimation in comparative studies and the development of new models. For lower-tier analyses ConsExpo can be used by less advanced users. The most favorable for Polish users would be the creation of the Polishlanguage version of the ConsExpo application or a detailed Polish-language instruction manual.
  • Hypercholesterolemia and prevention of cardiovascular diseases in the light of preventive medical examinations of employees in Poland.

    Śliż, Daniel; Marcinkiewicz, Andrzej; Olejniczak, Dominik; Jankowski, Piotr; Staniszewska, Anna; Mamcarz, Artur; Walusiak-Skorupa, Jolanta; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (2019-11-15)
    Long-term exposure to hypercholesterolemia is the cause of atherosclerosis, which in turn causes cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. In developed countries, including Poland, vascular diseases are the main cause of death. They affect an ever younger part of the population, including the working population. The authors address the problem of epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases, unsatisfactory detection and treatment, economic consequences for the health care system, and the possibilities of using occupational medicine services in the prevention of this health problem. Due to the fact that the early detection of diseases caused by high blood cholesterol levels is relatively low in Poland, obligatory occupational medicine examinations seem to be a key element of the second-line prevention. Therefore, it seems natural to consider the idea of extending the scope of obligatory examinations and introducing tests that allow lipid disorders to be detected at an early stage. This can contribute to a general improvement of the health of the population, and to economic benefits, such as a decrease in the costs of treatment of the disorders that have been detected too late. Broadening the scope of occupational examinations is also important from the perspective of public health and epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases, thus being an element of prevention of civilization diseases. It means improving health and building health awareness, and it should translate into regular health examinations. The performance of these examinations should result not only from the obligation, but also from the patient’s conviction about the importance of early detection of disorders, including lipid disorders, for an effective therapy.
  • [The occurrence of asbestos-related diseases among former employees of asbestos processing plants in Poland].

    Świątkowska, Beata; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (2019-12-03)
    Wstęp: Pomimo że w Polsce w produkcji nie stosuje się już azbestu, wciąż odnotowywane są nowe przypadki chorób azbestozależnych wśród pracowników narażonych w przeszłości na pył azbestu. Sytuacja ta jest związana ze specyfiką biologicznego działania tego minerału: następstwa zdrowotne ekspozycji na azbest mogą się ujawniać nie tylko podczas trwania narażenia, ale także wiele lat po nim. Celem analizy była ocena występowania chorób uznanych za zawodowe u osób narażonych na pył azbestu, które zgłosiły się na badania lekarskie w ramach ogólnopolskiego programu Amiantus. Materiał i metody: Materiał badawczy stanowiły karty badania programu wypełniane przez lekarzy przeprowadzających badania, jak również wyniki odczytu zdjęć radiologicznych płuc zapisane na formularzu Międzynarodowego Biura Pracy (International Labour Organization − ILO). Analizą objęto 8049 osób, w tym 37% kobiet przebadanych w latach 2000−2017. Wyniki: W badanej grupie byłych pracowników zakładów przetwórstwa azbestu chorobę zawodową stwierdzono u 1993 osób (25%), w tym u 584 kobiet (19%). Najczęstszą chorobą zawodową była pylica azbestowa (76% schorzeń zawodowych) oraz choroby opłucnej (17%). Nowotwory złośliwe stanowiły 7% przypadków w tej grupie. Analiza wykazała wzrost częstości występowania chorób układu oddechowego wraz z wiekiem badanych, ich stażem pracy w zakładach przetwórstwa azbestu, jak również ze zwiększaniem się skumulowanego wskaźnika narażenia. Ocena radiogramów klatki piersiowej wykazała zmiany radiologiczne wśród 75% badanych, przy czym zmiany upoważniające do rozpoznania azbestozy zgodnie z obowiązującymi w Polsce kryteriami wystąpiły u 23% badanych osób. Przyjęcie kryteriów międzynarodowych zwiększyłoby częstość występowania azbestozy jako choroby zawodowej o 19% w badanej grupie. Wnioski: Wzrost odsetka osób ze stwierdzoną chorobą zawodową świadczy o pogarszającej się kondycji zdrowotnej pracowników objętych badaniami, jak również o dobrej wykrywalności schorzeń azbestozależnych w ramach opieki nad pracownikami narażonymi w przeszłości na pył azbestu. Wyniki analizy wskazują na konieczność podjęcia w Polsce dyskusji nad wdrożeniem międzynarodowych kryteriów rozpoznawania pylicy azbestowej.

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