Occupational exposure to radon for underground tourist routes in Poland: Doses to lung and the risk of developing lung cancer.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/618147
Title:
Occupational exposure to radon for underground tourist routes in Poland: Doses to lung and the risk of developing lung cancer.
Authors:
Walczak, Katarzyna ( 0000-0001-6616-9392 ) ; Olszewski, Jerzy; Politanski, Piotr; Zmyslony, Marek
Abstract:
Radon concentrations for 31 Polish underground tourist routes were analyzed. The equivalent dose to the lung, the effective dose and the relative risk were calculated for employees of the analyzed routes on the grounds of information on radon concentrations, work time, etc.; The relative risk for lung cancers was calculated using the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR) VI Committee model. Equivalent doses to the lungs of workers were determined using the coefficients calculated by the Kendall and Smith. The conversion coefficient proposed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the report No. 33 was used for estimating the effective doses.; In 13 routes, the effective dose was found to be above 1 mSv/year, and in 3 routes, it exceeded 6 mSv/year. For 5 routes, the equivalent dose to lungs was higher than 100 mSv/year, and in 1 case it was as high as 490 mSv/year. In 22.6% of underground workplaces the risk of developing lung cancer among employees was about 2 times higher than that for the general population, and for 1 tourist route it was about 5 times higher. The geometric mean of the relative risk of lung cancer for all workers of underground tourist routes was 1.73 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.6-1.87). Routes were divided into: caves, mines, post-military underground constructions and urban underground constructions.; The difference between levels of the relative risk of developing lung cancer for all types of underground tourist routes was not found to be significant. If we include the professional group of the employees of underground tourist routes into the group of occupational exposure, the number of persons who are included in the Category A due to occupational exposure may increase by about 3/4. The professional group of the employees of underground tourist routes should be monitored for their exposure to radon. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):687-694.
Affiliation:
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
Citation:
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017, 30 (5):687-694
Journal:
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Issue Date:
14-Jul-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/618147
DOI:
10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00987
PubMed ID:
28584312
Additional Links:
http://ijomeh.eu/Occupational-exposure-to-radon-in-underground-tourist-routes-in-Poland-Doses-to-lung-and-the-risk-of-developing-lung-cancer,64132,0,2.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1896-494X
Sponsors:
Funding: Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine statutory grant No. IMP 16.2/2012 “Risk estimation of lung cancer in workers underground tourist routes in Poland.” Grant manager: Jerzy Olszewski, Ph.D.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWalczak, Katarzynaen
dc.contributor.authorOlszewski, Jerzyen
dc.contributor.authorPolitanski, Piotren
dc.contributor.authorZmyslony, Mareken
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-25T10:59:57Z-
dc.date.available2017-08-25T10:59:57Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-14-
dc.identifier.citationInt J Occup Med Environ Health 2017, 30 (5):687-694en
dc.identifier.issn1896-494X-
dc.identifier.pmid28584312-
dc.identifier.doi10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00987-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/618147-
dc.description.abstractRadon concentrations for 31 Polish underground tourist routes were analyzed. The equivalent dose to the lung, the effective dose and the relative risk were calculated for employees of the analyzed routes on the grounds of information on radon concentrations, work time, etc.en
dc.description.abstractThe relative risk for lung cancers was calculated using the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR) VI Committee model. Equivalent doses to the lungs of workers were determined using the coefficients calculated by the Kendall and Smith. The conversion coefficient proposed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the report No. 33 was used for estimating the effective doses.en
dc.description.abstractIn 13 routes, the effective dose was found to be above 1 mSv/year, and in 3 routes, it exceeded 6 mSv/year. For 5 routes, the equivalent dose to lungs was higher than 100 mSv/year, and in 1 case it was as high as 490 mSv/year. In 22.6% of underground workplaces the risk of developing lung cancer among employees was about 2 times higher than that for the general population, and for 1 tourist route it was about 5 times higher. The geometric mean of the relative risk of lung cancer for all workers of underground tourist routes was 1.73 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.6-1.87). Routes were divided into: caves, mines, post-military underground constructions and urban underground constructions.en
dc.description.abstractThe difference between levels of the relative risk of developing lung cancer for all types of underground tourist routes was not found to be significant. If we include the professional group of the employees of underground tourist routes into the group of occupational exposure, the number of persons who are included in the Category A due to occupational exposure may increase by about 3/4. The professional group of the employees of underground tourist routes should be monitored for their exposure to radon. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):687-694.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding: Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine statutory grant No. IMP 16.2/2012 “Risk estimation of lung cancer in workers underground tourist routes in Poland.” Grant manager: Jerzy Olszewski, Ph.D.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://ijomeh.eu/Occupational-exposure-to-radon-in-underground-tourist-routes-in-Poland-Doses-to-lung-and-the-risk-of-developing-lung-cancer,64132,0,2.htmlen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International journal of occupational medicine and environmental healthen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/*
dc.subjectoccupational exposure,en
dc.subjectRadonen
dc.subjecteffective doseen
dc.subjectlung canceren
dc.subjectunderground tourist routesen
dc.titleOccupational exposure to radon for underground tourist routes in Poland: Doses to lung and the risk of developing lung cancer.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentNofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Polanden
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Healthen
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