Differences in nutritional status of preschool children in the context of the maternal social characteristics.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/618145
Title:
Differences in nutritional status of preschool children in the context of the maternal social characteristics.
Authors:
Potocka, Adrianna; Jacukowicz, Aleksandra
Abstract:
It is generally accepted that maternal factors are important in maintaining the adequate nutritional status of young children. This study was aimed at verifying whether mother's socio-demographic (age and relationship status) and socio-economic features (education and professional status) differentiate the child's nutritional status.; A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and October 2013. Five hundred thirty mothers of preschool children from 5 different regions of Poland were interviewed. Mothers were interviewed on their socio-demographic and socio-economic status. To assess the child's nutritional status, body mass index (BMI) z-score and the diet indicators were calculated, such as the percentage of the estimated average requirement for energy (%EAR), the percentage of energy coming from carbohydrates (%EC), fat (%ET) and proteins (%EP). Percentage of the estimated average requirement for energy, %EC, %ET and %EP was obtained from 24-h dietary recalls conducted with the mothers.; The results showed that mother's education and professional status did not differentiate any of the indices of the child's nutritional status. However, maternal age and her relationship status occurred significant (ANOVA; p < 0.05). Children of younger mothers had higher BMI z-score and higher %EC as compared to children of older mothers. Moreover, %EAR was higher among children of single mothers and it was closer to the recommended nutrition standards as compared to children of mothers with a partner.; When a child is diagnosed with any type of malnutrition, it is worth assessing various factors that might influence the nutritional status, such as child's social background (e.g., maternal factors). Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):811-821.
Affiliation:
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
Citation:
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017, 30 (5):811-821
Journal:
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Issue Date:
14-Jul-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/618145
DOI:
10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00971
PubMed ID:
28584325
Additional Links:
http://ijomeh.eu/Differences-in-nutritional-status-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-the-maternal-social-characteristics,65298,0,2.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1896-494X
Sponsors:
Funding: IMP 21.3. project “Relationship between maternal attitudes and child-feeding practices: importance of attachment style, eating competence and beliefs about combining work and family responsibilities.” Project manager: Adrianna Potocka, M.A.
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorPotocka, Adriannaen
dc.contributor.authorJacukowicz, Aleksandraen
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-25T10:41:35Z-
dc.date.available2017-08-25T10:41:35Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-14-
dc.identifier.citationInt J Occup Med Environ Health 2017, 30 (5):811-821en
dc.identifier.issn1896-494X-
dc.identifier.pmid28584325-
dc.identifier.doi10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00971-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/618145-
dc.description.abstractIt is generally accepted that maternal factors are important in maintaining the adequate nutritional status of young children. This study was aimed at verifying whether mother's socio-demographic (age and relationship status) and socio-economic features (education and professional status) differentiate the child's nutritional status.en
dc.description.abstractA cross-sectional study was conducted between April and October 2013. Five hundred thirty mothers of preschool children from 5 different regions of Poland were interviewed. Mothers were interviewed on their socio-demographic and socio-economic status. To assess the child's nutritional status, body mass index (BMI) z-score and the diet indicators were calculated, such as the percentage of the estimated average requirement for energy (%EAR), the percentage of energy coming from carbohydrates (%EC), fat (%ET) and proteins (%EP). Percentage of the estimated average requirement for energy, %EC, %ET and %EP was obtained from 24-h dietary recalls conducted with the mothers.en
dc.description.abstractThe results showed that mother's education and professional status did not differentiate any of the indices of the child's nutritional status. However, maternal age and her relationship status occurred significant (ANOVA; p < 0.05). Children of younger mothers had higher BMI z-score and higher %EC as compared to children of older mothers. Moreover, %EAR was higher among children of single mothers and it was closer to the recommended nutrition standards as compared to children of mothers with a partner.en
dc.description.abstractWhen a child is diagnosed with any type of malnutrition, it is worth assessing various factors that might influence the nutritional status, such as child's social background (e.g., maternal factors). Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):811-821.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding: IMP 21.3. project “Relationship between maternal attitudes and child-feeding practices: importance of attachment style, eating competence and beliefs about combining work and family responsibilities.” Project manager: Adrianna Potocka, M.A.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://ijomeh.eu/Differences-in-nutritional-status-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-the-maternal-social-characteristics,65298,0,2.htmlen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International journal of occupational medicine and environmental healthen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/*
dc.subjectnutrional statusen
dc.subjectBMIen
dc.subjectpreschoolersen
dc.subjectdieten
dc.subjectsocial factorsen
dc.titleDifferences in nutritional status of preschool children in the context of the maternal social characteristics.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentNofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Polanden
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Healthen

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