Sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices diagnosed already before entering vocational training.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/618107
Title:
Sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices diagnosed already before entering vocational training.
Authors:
Golińska-Zach A.; Krawczyk-Szulc P.; Wiszniewska M.; Nowakowska-Świrta E.; Świerczyńska-Machura D.; Tymoszuk D.; Walusiak-Skorupa J. ( 0000-0003-0836-6800 )
Other Titles:
Uczulenie na alergeny zawodowe wśród uczniów fryzjerskich przed rozpoczęciem praktycznej nauki zawodu.
Abstract:
Background: Hairdressers are occupationally exposed to many allergenic and irritating substances. Additionally, hairdressing apprentices are exposed to the same allergens as professional hairdressers, due to the fact that vocational training starts in the beginning of the education. This study was undertaken to investigate early occurrence of sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices before the onset of the vocational training. Material and Methods: Three hundred and seven hairdressing apprentices were assessed using a questionnaire and skin prick tests (SPTs) to common and occupational allergens. The level of total and serum specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) to occupational allergens was evaluated and spirometry was performed. Results: At least one skin and/or respiratory and/or conjunctival symptom was reported by 29.9% of subjects. Among subjects with at least one symptom, 28.2% of them were atopic whereas among 43.4% of them total IgE level was elevated. Atopy was found in 20% cases. In the case of one apprentice, positive SPT for paraphenylenediamine was found. Nearly 33% of apprentices had elevated total IgE level and 5 of them had specific IgE for occupational allergens. Conclusions: The study revealed that hairdressing apprentices might be sensitized to occupational allergens even before the beginning of vocational training, due to prior non-professional exposure to hairdressing agents. Furthermore, many of them report skin, respiratory and conjunctival symptoms, often connected with chronic disease diagnosis. Thus, candidates for hairdressers should be examined thoroughly before the start of the education and tests for allergy to hairdressing substances are indicated.
Affiliation:
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland
Citation:
Medycyna Pracy 2016;67(5):567–575
Journal:
Medycyna Pracy
Issue Date:
2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/618107
Additional Links:
http://medpr.imp.lodz.pl/Sensitization-to-occupational-allergens-in-hairdressing-apprentices-diagnosed-already-before-entering-vocational-training,62332,0,1.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
ISSN:
0465-5893
Sponsors:
“Design of complex prophylaxis projects” (POKL/Profil/2008-2013/zadanie 3)
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGolińska-Zach A.en
dc.contributor.authorKrawczyk-Szulc P.en
dc.contributor.authorWiszniewska M.en
dc.contributor.authorNowakowska-Świrta E.en
dc.contributor.authorŚwierczyńska-Machura D.en
dc.contributor.authorTymoszuk D.en
dc.contributor.authorWalusiak-Skorupa J.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-04T07:22:15Z-
dc.date.available2016-11-04T07:22:15Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationMedycyna Pracy 2016;67(5):567–575en
dc.identifier.issn0465-5893-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/618107-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Hairdressers are occupationally exposed to many allergenic and irritating substances. Additionally, hairdressing apprentices are exposed to the same allergens as professional hairdressers, due to the fact that vocational training starts in the beginning of the education. This study was undertaken to investigate early occurrence of sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices before the onset of the vocational training. Material and Methods: Three hundred and seven hairdressing apprentices were assessed using a questionnaire and skin prick tests (SPTs) to common and occupational allergens. The level of total and serum specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) to occupational allergens was evaluated and spirometry was performed. Results: At least one skin and/or respiratory and/or conjunctival symptom was reported by 29.9% of subjects. Among subjects with at least one symptom, 28.2% of them were atopic whereas among 43.4% of them total IgE level was elevated. Atopy was found in 20% cases. In the case of one apprentice, positive SPT for paraphenylenediamine was found. Nearly 33% of apprentices had elevated total IgE level and 5 of them had specific IgE for occupational allergens. Conclusions: The study revealed that hairdressing apprentices might be sensitized to occupational allergens even before the beginning of vocational training, due to prior non-professional exposure to hairdressing agents. Furthermore, many of them report skin, respiratory and conjunctival symptoms, often connected with chronic disease diagnosis. Thus, candidates for hairdressers should be examined thoroughly before the start of the education and tests for allergy to hairdressing substances are indicated.en
dc.description.sponsorship“Design of complex prophylaxis projects” (POKL/Profil/2008-2013/zadanie 3)en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.urlhttp://medpr.imp.lodz.pl/Sensitization-to-occupational-allergens-in-hairdressing-apprentices-diagnosed-already-before-entering-vocational-training,62332,0,1.htmlen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/*
dc.subjectvocational trainingen
dc.subjecthairdressersen
dc.subjectprofessional exposureen
dc.subjectapprenticesen
dc.subjectoccupational allergensen
dc.subjecthairdressing allergensen
dc.titleSensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices diagnosed already before entering vocational training.en_US
dc.title.alternativeUczulenie na alergeny zawodowe wśród uczniów fryzjerskich przed rozpoczęciem praktycznej nauki zawodu.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentNofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Polanden
dc.identifier.journalMedycyna Pracyen
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