Testing of the composition of e-cigarette liquids – Manufacturer-declared vs. true contents in a selected series of products

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/610550
Title:
Testing of the composition of e-cigarette liquids – Manufacturer-declared vs. true contents in a selected series of products
Authors:
Kucharska, Malgorzata; Wesolowski, Wiktor; Czerczak, Slawomir; Socko, Renata
Other Titles:
Badanie składu płynów do e-papierosów – deklaracje producenta a stan rzeczywisty w wybranej serii wyrobów
Abstract:
Background: Electronic cigarettes are currently in common use. However, in Poland there is no specific legislation governing the sale of these products. At the same time, no information has been made public about the hazards e-cigarettes pose to the users and bystanders − passive smokers. The aim of the study was to determine the qualitative composition of the analyzed liquid, which is an essential element of regulating the distribution of such cigarettes. Material and Methods: Under this study the method for determining the composition of e-cigarette liquids was developed. This method employs gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Levels of nicotine and flavoring components were determined in 50 e-liquid samples. The results were compared with the information provided by the manufacturer on the packaging. Results: The applied method of qualitative determination helped to identify the main ingredients, such as nicotine and propylene glycol (PG). Propylene glycol was found to be present in all liquids, because it was used as the solvent for nicotine and flavors. There was a good agreement between the declared and the determined content of nicotine in the analyzed samples. The agreement was considerably poorer for the remaining e-liquid ingredients, mainly flavors. Conclusions: There was no agreement between the flavor substances specified by the manufacturer and aroma identified in the e-cigarette liquid, which may pose a risk to users of e-cigarettes, particularly those susceptible to allergies. Several unsaturated aliphatic alcohols and aldehydes found to be present in the liquids, unstable at elevated temperatures, may be more harmful to the smoker than the original compounds. Therefore, it is essential to implement in Poland the legal provisions regarding e-cigarettes.
Affiliation:
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland
Citation:
Med Pr 2016;67(2):239–253
Journal:
Medycyna Pracy
Issue Date:
2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/610550
DOI:
10.13075/mp.5893.00365
Additional Links:
http://www.journalssystem.com/medpr/Badanie-skladu-plynow-do-e-papierosow-deklaracje-producenta-a-stan-rzeczywisty-na-podstawie-wybranej-serii-wyrobow,61737,0,2.html; http://medpr.imp.lodz.pl/Badanie-skladu-plynow-do-e-papierosow-deklaracje-producenta-na-stan-rzeczywisty-w-wybranej-serii-wyrobow,61737,0,1.html
Type:
Article
Language:
pl
ISSN:
0465-5893
Sponsors:
IMP 24.13/2014 pt. „Identyfikacja substancji emitowanych przez „e-papierosy”.
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKucharska, Malgorzataen
dc.contributor.authorWesolowski, Wiktoren
dc.contributor.authorCzerczak, Slawomiren
dc.contributor.authorSocko, Renataen
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-23T06:23:12Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-23T06:23:12Zen
dc.date.issued2016en
dc.identifier.citationMed Pr 2016;67(2):239–253en
dc.identifier.issn0465-5893en
dc.identifier.doi10.13075/mp.5893.00365en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/610550en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Electronic cigarettes are currently in common use. However, in Poland there is no specific legislation governing the sale of these products. At the same time, no information has been made public about the hazards e-cigarettes pose to the users and bystanders − passive smokers. The aim of the study was to determine the qualitative composition of the analyzed liquid, which is an essential element of regulating the distribution of such cigarettes. Material and Methods: Under this study the method for determining the composition of e-cigarette liquids was developed. This method employs gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Levels of nicotine and flavoring components were determined in 50 e-liquid samples. The results were compared with the information provided by the manufacturer on the packaging. Results: The applied method of qualitative determination helped to identify the main ingredients, such as nicotine and propylene glycol (PG). Propylene glycol was found to be present in all liquids, because it was used as the solvent for nicotine and flavors. There was a good agreement between the declared and the determined content of nicotine in the analyzed samples. The agreement was considerably poorer for the remaining e-liquid ingredients, mainly flavors. Conclusions: There was no agreement between the flavor substances specified by the manufacturer and aroma identified in the e-cigarette liquid, which may pose a risk to users of e-cigarettes, particularly those susceptible to allergies. Several unsaturated aliphatic alcohols and aldehydes found to be present in the liquids, unstable at elevated temperatures, may be more harmful to the smoker than the original compounds. Therefore, it is essential to implement in Poland the legal provisions regarding e-cigarettes.en
dc.description.sponsorshipIMP 24.13/2014 pt. „Identyfikacja substancji emitowanych przez „e-papierosy”.en
dc.language.isoplen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.journalssystem.com/medpr/Badanie-skladu-plynow-do-e-papierosow-deklaracje-producenta-a-stan-rzeczywisty-na-podstawie-wybranej-serii-wyrobow,61737,0,2.htmlen
dc.relation.urlhttp://medpr.imp.lodz.pl/Badanie-skladu-plynow-do-e-papierosow-deklaracje-producenta-na-stan-rzeczywisty-w-wybranej-serii-wyrobow,61737,0,1.htmlen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Medycyna Pracyen
dc.subjectClassificationen
dc.subjectNicotineen
dc.subjectElectronic cigarettesen
dc.subjectPropylene glycolen
dc.subjectSubstances of flavors and aromaen
dc.subjectGC-MS analysisen
dc.titleTesting of the composition of e-cigarette liquids – Manufacturer-declared vs. true contents in a selected series of productspl
dc.title.alternativeBadanie składu płynów do e-papierosów – deklaracje producenta a stan rzeczywisty w wybranej serii wyrobówen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentNofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Polanden
dc.identifier.journalMedycyna Pracyen
This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons
All Items in ECNIS-NIOM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.