Heaviness of smoking among employed men and women in Poland.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/584074
Title:
Heaviness of smoking among employed men and women in Poland.
Authors:
Kaleta, Dorota ( 0000-0001-8453-8235 ) ; Wojtysiak, Piotr; Usidame, Bukola; Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elzbieta; Fronczak, Adam; Korytkowski, Przemysław; Makowiec-Dabrowska, Teresa
Abstract:
At least 50% of smokers die prematurely. Those who smoke heavily are at an increased health risk. The purpose of the current report was to evaluate socio-demographic correlates of heavy smoking among employed men and women.; Data derive from the representative, household study - the Global Adult Tobacco Survey conducted in Poland over the years 2008-2010.; Of 14 000 households selected for the survey, 7840 sampled individuals completed the interviews. Among 1189 daily smokers, the rate of heavy smokers was 63.5% in males and 43% in employed females (p < 0.001). The study showed that age and age at the smoking onset were significantly associated with heavy smoking among both genders. Among males and females the heavy smoking rate was the highest in the subjects that started smoking at the age between 14-17 years compared to those who started smoking at the age ≥ 21 years (odds ratio (OR) = 3.3, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2-5.5, p < 0.001 and OR = 2.7, 95% CI: 1.4-5.3, p < 0.0001, respectively). The men with house rules that prohibited smoking with some exceptions were 2.4 times more likely to be heavy smokers in comparison with those having rules which completely prohibited it (p < 0.01). The men working in workplaces where smoking was prohibited in all indoor areas were at lower odds of heavy smoking relative to those working in areas where smoking was allowed everywhere (OR = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.9, p < 0.05). Among the men, there was also an association between job features and heavy smoking, which was not observed among the women.; These findings should be taken into account while developing tobacco control measures addressed to economically active population.
Affiliation:
Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; County Office, Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland; University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA; Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
Citation:
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 2016;29(2):191 – 208
Journal:
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Issue Date:
17-Dec-2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/584074
DOI:
10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00433
PubMed ID:
26670351
Additional Links:
http://ijomeh.eu/Heaviness-of-smoking-among-employed-men-and-women-in-Poland,58531,0,2.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
ISSN:
1896-494X
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKaleta, Dorotaen
dc.contributor.authorWojtysiak, Piotren
dc.contributor.authorUsidame, Bukolaen
dc.contributor.authorDziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elzbietaen
dc.contributor.authorFronczak, Adamen
dc.contributor.authorKorytkowski, Przemysławen
dc.contributor.authorMakowiec-Dabrowska, Teresaen
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-17T12:22:56Zen
dc.date.available2015-12-17T12:22:56Zen
dc.date.issued2015-12-17en
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 2016;29(2):191 – 208en
dc.identifier.issn1896-494Xen
dc.identifier.pmid26670351en
dc.identifier.doi10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00433en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/584074en
dc.description.abstractAt least 50% of smokers die prematurely. Those who smoke heavily are at an increased health risk. The purpose of the current report was to evaluate socio-demographic correlates of heavy smoking among employed men and women.en
dc.description.abstractData derive from the representative, household study - the Global Adult Tobacco Survey conducted in Poland over the years 2008-2010.en
dc.description.abstractOf 14 000 households selected for the survey, 7840 sampled individuals completed the interviews. Among 1189 daily smokers, the rate of heavy smokers was 63.5% in males and 43% in employed females (p < 0.001). The study showed that age and age at the smoking onset were significantly associated with heavy smoking among both genders. Among males and females the heavy smoking rate was the highest in the subjects that started smoking at the age between 14-17 years compared to those who started smoking at the age ≥ 21 years (odds ratio (OR) = 3.3, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2-5.5, p < 0.001 and OR = 2.7, 95% CI: 1.4-5.3, p < 0.0001, respectively). The men with house rules that prohibited smoking with some exceptions were 2.4 times more likely to be heavy smokers in comparison with those having rules which completely prohibited it (p < 0.01). The men working in workplaces where smoking was prohibited in all indoor areas were at lower odds of heavy smoking relative to those working in areas where smoking was allowed everywhere (OR = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.9, p < 0.05). Among the men, there was also an association between job features and heavy smoking, which was not observed among the women.en
dc.description.abstractThese findings should be taken into account while developing tobacco control measures addressed to economically active population.en
dc.languageENGen
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.urlhttp://ijomeh.eu/Heaviness-of-smoking-among-employed-men-and-women-in-Poland,58531,0,2.htmlen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International journal of occupational medicine and environmental healthen
dc.subjectSmokingen
dc.subjectTobaccoen
dc.subjectSmoking intensityen
dc.subjectEmployeesen
dc.subjectGATSen
dc.subjectPolanden
dc.titleHeaviness of smoking among employed men and women in Poland.en_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMedical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; County Office, Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland; University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA; Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Polanden
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Healthen

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