Residential exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and its associates: Findings from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey in Poland.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/556653
Title:
Residential exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and its associates: Findings from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey in Poland.
Authors:
Kaleta, Dorota ( 0000-0001-8453-8235 ) ; Wojtysiak, Piotr; Usidame, Bukola; Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elżbieta; Fronczak, Adam; Makowiec-Dabrowska, Teresa
Abstract:
Objectives: Expanding the information on exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at home and its associates is of great public health importance. The aim of the current analysis was to evaluate associates of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke among economically active male and female adults in Poland in their place of residence. Material and Methods: Data on the representative sample of 7840 adults from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) carried out in Poland in the years 2009 and 2010 were applied. The Global Adult Tobacco Survey is a nationally representative household study. The logistic regression model was used for relevant calculations. Results: The exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in the place of living affected 59% of studied subjects. Out of non-smokers 42% of males and 46% females were exposed to the ETS in the at home. Increased risk of residential ETS exposure was associated with low education attainment, lack of awareness on adverse health consequences of second hand smoke (SHS), low level of support for tobacco control policies, living with a smoker. One of the factors associated with the ETS exposure was also the approval for smoking at home of both genders. The residential ETS exposure risk was the highest among males (odds ratio (OR) = 7.1, 95% confidence interval (CI): 6.1–13.8, p < 0.001) and females (OR = 8.1, 95% CI 6.5–11.8, p < 0.001) who declared that smoking was allowed in their place of residence compared to respondents who implemented smoking bans at their place of residence. Conclusions: Campaigns to decrease social acceptance of smoking and encourage adopting voluntary smoke-free rules at home might decrease the ETS exposure and reduce related risks to the health of the Polish population. Educational interventions to warn about adverse health effects of the ETS should be broadly implemented particularly in high risk subpopulations.
Affiliation:
Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; County Office, Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland; University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA; Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
Citation:
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2015;28(3):557–570
Journal:
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Issue Date:
2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/556653
DOI:
10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00434
Additional Links:
http://www.journalssystem.com/ijomeh/Residential-exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke-and-its-associates-Findings-from-the-Global-Adult-Tobacco-Survey-in-Poland,2388,0,2.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
ISSN:
1232-1087
Sponsors:
the Bloomberg Initiative to Reduce Tobacco Use, a program of Bloomberg Philanthropies.
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKaleta, Dorotaen
dc.contributor.authorWojtysiak, Piotren
dc.contributor.authorUsidame, Bukolaen
dc.contributor.authorDziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elżbietaen
dc.contributor.authorFronczak, Adamen
dc.contributor.authorMakowiec-Dabrowska, Teresaen
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-10T11:44:44Zen
dc.date.available2015-06-10T11:44:44Zen
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.citationInt J Occup Med Environ Health 2015;28(3):557–570en
dc.identifier.issn1232-1087en
dc.identifier.doi10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00434en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/556653en
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Expanding the information on exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at home and its associates is of great public health importance. The aim of the current analysis was to evaluate associates of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke among economically active male and female adults in Poland in their place of residence. Material and Methods: Data on the representative sample of 7840 adults from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) carried out in Poland in the years 2009 and 2010 were applied. The Global Adult Tobacco Survey is a nationally representative household study. The logistic regression model was used for relevant calculations. Results: The exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in the place of living affected 59% of studied subjects. Out of non-smokers 42% of males and 46% females were exposed to the ETS in the at home. Increased risk of residential ETS exposure was associated with low education attainment, lack of awareness on adverse health consequences of second hand smoke (SHS), low level of support for tobacco control policies, living with a smoker. One of the factors associated with the ETS exposure was also the approval for smoking at home of both genders. The residential ETS exposure risk was the highest among males (odds ratio (OR) = 7.1, 95% confidence interval (CI): 6.1–13.8, p < 0.001) and females (OR = 8.1, 95% CI 6.5–11.8, p < 0.001) who declared that smoking was allowed in their place of residence compared to respondents who implemented smoking bans at their place of residence. Conclusions: Campaigns to decrease social acceptance of smoking and encourage adopting voluntary smoke-free rules at home might decrease the ETS exposure and reduce related risks to the health of the Polish population. Educational interventions to warn about adverse health effects of the ETS should be broadly implemented particularly in high risk subpopulations.en
dc.description.sponsorshipthe Bloomberg Initiative to Reduce Tobacco Use, a program of Bloomberg Philanthropies.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.journalssystem.com/ijomeh/Residential-exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke-and-its-associates-Findings-from-the-Global-Adult-Tobacco-Survey-in-Poland,2388,0,2.htmlen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Healthen
dc.subjectenvironmental tobacco smoke pollutionen
dc.subjectinvoluntary smokingen
dc.subjectsmokingen
dc.subjecttobacco controlen
dc.subjectadultsen
dc.subjectPolanden
dc.titleResidential exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and its associates: Findings from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey in Poland.en_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMedical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; County Office, Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland; University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA; Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland; Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Polanden
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Healthen
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