Asbestos related diseases among workers of asbestos processing plants in relation to type of production and asbestos use.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/556636
Title:
Asbestos related diseases among workers of asbestos processing plants in relation to type of production and asbestos use.
Authors:
Szeszenia-Dabrowska, Neonila ( 0000-0001-5307-7720 ) ; Swiatkowska, Beata; Sobala, Wojciech ( 0000-0002-5451-9321 ) ; Szubert, Zuzanna ( 0000-0002-2983-5330 ) ; Wilczynska, Urszula
Abstract:
Background: Asbestos dust is one of the most dangerous pneumoconiotic and carcinogenic agents. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of asbestosis and pleural mesothelioma, depending on asbestos consumption and the type of manufactured products, among former asbestos workers in Poland. Material and Methods: The study subjects included employees of 18 large state-owned asbestos processing enterprises operating in the Polish market in 1945–1998. The study is based on data obtained from asbestos company records and the Central Register of Occupational Diseases data on the cases of asbestosis and mesothelioma for the period from 1970 till 2012 as well as data from Amiantus Programme. The analysis was performed for 5 sectors comprising plants classified according to the products manufactured and applied production technology. Results: In the study period, 2160 cases of asbestosis and 138 cases of mesothelioma were reported. The plants processed a total of about 2 million tonnes of asbestos, including about 7.5% of crocidolite. Total asbestos consumption was a strong predictor of the rate of asbestosis incidence (R2 = 0.68, p = 0.055). The highest risk occurrence of asbestosis was observed in the production of textiles and sealing products. Mesothelioma occurred only in plants where crocidolite had been ever processed. Conclusions: Total asbestos consumption was a strong predictor of the rate of asbestosis incidence. The observation confirms the relationship between exposure to crocidolite and the occurrence of mesothelioma, regardless of the manufactured products, and suggests the absence of such a link for the total volume of asbestos consumption.
Affiliation:
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland
Citation:
Med Pr 2015;66(1):1–9
Journal:
Medycyna Pracy
Issue Date:
9-Mar-2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/556636
DOI:
10.13075/mp.5893.00149
Additional Links:
http://medpr.imp.lodz.pl/Choroby-azbestozalezne-wsrod-pracownikow-zakladow-przetworstwa-azbestu-w-zaleznosci-od-rodzaju-produkcji-i-zuzycia-azbestu,1957,0,2.html
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
ISSN:
04655893
Sponsors:
“Risk assessment of the incidence and mortality due to asbestos-related diseases among workers occupationally exposed to asbestos on the basis of the long-term epidemiological observation”, IMP 10.14.
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSzeszenia-Dabrowska, Neonilaen
dc.contributor.authorSwiatkowska, Beataen
dc.contributor.authorSobala, Wojciechen
dc.contributor.authorSzubert, Zuzannaen
dc.contributor.authorWilczynska, Urszulaen
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-10T08:47:40Zen
dc.date.available2015-06-10T08:47:40Zen
dc.date.issued2015-03-09en
dc.identifier.citationMed Pr 2015;66(1):1–9en
dc.identifier.issn04655893en
dc.identifier.doi10.13075/mp.5893.00149en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/556636en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Asbestos dust is one of the most dangerous pneumoconiotic and carcinogenic agents. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of asbestosis and pleural mesothelioma, depending on asbestos consumption and the type of manufactured products, among former asbestos workers in Poland. Material and Methods: The study subjects included employees of 18 large state-owned asbestos processing enterprises operating in the Polish market in 1945–1998. The study is based on data obtained from asbestos company records and the Central Register of Occupational Diseases data on the cases of asbestosis and mesothelioma for the period from 1970 till 2012 as well as data from Amiantus Programme. The analysis was performed for 5 sectors comprising plants classified according to the products manufactured and applied production technology. Results: In the study period, 2160 cases of asbestosis and 138 cases of mesothelioma were reported. The plants processed a total of about 2 million tonnes of asbestos, including about 7.5% of crocidolite. Total asbestos consumption was a strong predictor of the rate of asbestosis incidence (R2 = 0.68, p = 0.055). The highest risk occurrence of asbestosis was observed in the production of textiles and sealing products. Mesothelioma occurred only in plants where crocidolite had been ever processed. Conclusions: Total asbestos consumption was a strong predictor of the rate of asbestosis incidence. The observation confirms the relationship between exposure to crocidolite and the occurrence of mesothelioma, regardless of the manufactured products, and suggests the absence of such a link for the total volume of asbestos consumption.en
dc.description.sponsorship“Risk assessment of the incidence and mortality due to asbestos-related diseases among workers occupationally exposed to asbestos on the basis of the long-term epidemiological observation”, IMP 10.14.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.urlhttp://medpr.imp.lodz.pl/Choroby-azbestozalezne-wsrod-pracownikow-zakladow-przetworstwa-azbestu-w-zaleznosci-od-rodzaju-produkcji-i-zuzycia-azbestu,1957,0,2.htmlen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Medycyna Pracyen
dc.subjectasbestosisen
dc.subjectmesotheliomaen
dc.subjectasbestos processing plantsen
dc.subjectasbestos consumptionen
dc.subjectchrysotileen
dc.subjectcrocidoliteen
dc.titleAsbestos related diseases among workers of asbestos processing plants in relation to type of production and asbestos use.en_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentNofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Polanden
dc.identifier.journalMedycyna Pracyen
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