Consumption of cruciferous vegetables and glucosinolates in a Spanish adult population.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/30315
Title:
Consumption of cruciferous vegetables and glucosinolates in a Spanish adult population.
Authors:
Agudo, A.; Ibanez, R.; Amiano, P.; Ardanaz, E.; Barricarte, A.; Berenguer, A.; Dolores Chirlaque, M.; Dorronsoro, M.; Jakszyn, P.; Larranaga, N.; Martinez, C.; Navarro, C.; Pera, G.; Quiros, J.R.; Sanchez, M.J.; Tormo, M.J.; Gonzalez, C.A.
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the intake of glucosinolates and cruciferous vegetables among Spanish adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Spanish cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Subjects: We analysed data from 40 684 men and women aged 35-64 years from the EPIC-Spain cohort. The usual diet was assessed by means of the dietary history method, and glucosinolate intake was calculated using a published food composition database. RESULTS: The average intake of cruciferous vegetables was 11.3 g/day, accounting for about 5% of total vegetable consumption, whereas the daily intake of total glucosinolates was 6.5 mg, among which 35% were of indole type. The absolute intake of glucosinolates was in average higher in men than in women (6.8 vs 6.2 mg/day), whereas glucosinolate density per energy unit was higher in women's diet (3.4 vs 2.7 mg/4200 kJ). Northern regions consumed in average 36% more glucosinolates than Southern regions (7.3 vs 5.4 mg/day). There was a positive association of glucosinolate intake with body mass index, physical activity, educational level and an inverse relationship with alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to the pattern seen for total vegetable intake, our estimate of consumption of cruciferous vegetables, and hence of glucosinolates, is relatively low within Europe, which in turn is lower than in North America and several Asian populations.
Citation:
Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2008, 62 (3):324-331
Journal:
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue Date:
Mar-2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/30315
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602750
PubMed ID:
17426741
Additional Links:
http://www.nature.com/ejcn/journal/v62/n3/abs/1602750a.html;jsessionid=DCEA81DF731CB90AB2F12DE3188FB99D
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0954-3007
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorAgudo, A.-
dc.contributor.authorIbanez, R.-
dc.contributor.authorAmiano, P.-
dc.contributor.authorArdanaz, E.-
dc.contributor.authorBarricarte, A.-
dc.contributor.authorBerenguer, A.-
dc.contributor.authorDolores Chirlaque, M.-
dc.contributor.authorDorronsoro, M.-
dc.contributor.authorJakszyn, P.-
dc.contributor.authorLarranaga, N.-
dc.contributor.authorMartinez, C.-
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, C.-
dc.contributor.authorPera, G.-
dc.contributor.authorQuiros, J.R.-
dc.contributor.authorSanchez, M.J.-
dc.contributor.authorTormo, M.J.-
dc.contributor.authorGonzalez, C.A.-
dc.date.accessioned2008-06-23T09:50:17Z-
dc.date.available2008-06-23T09:50:17Z-
dc.date.issued2008-03-
dc.identifier.citationEur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2008, 62 (3):324-331en
dc.identifier.issn0954-3007-
dc.identifier.pmid17426741-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602750-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/30315-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To assess the intake of glucosinolates and cruciferous vegetables among Spanish adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Spanish cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Subjects: We analysed data from 40 684 men and women aged 35-64 years from the EPIC-Spain cohort. The usual diet was assessed by means of the dietary history method, and glucosinolate intake was calculated using a published food composition database. RESULTS: The average intake of cruciferous vegetables was 11.3 g/day, accounting for about 5% of total vegetable consumption, whereas the daily intake of total glucosinolates was 6.5 mg, among which 35% were of indole type. The absolute intake of glucosinolates was in average higher in men than in women (6.8 vs 6.2 mg/day), whereas glucosinolate density per energy unit was higher in women's diet (3.4 vs 2.7 mg/4200 kJ). Northern regions consumed in average 36% more glucosinolates than Southern regions (7.3 vs 5.4 mg/day). There was a positive association of glucosinolate intake with body mass index, physical activity, educational level and an inverse relationship with alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to the pattern seen for total vegetable intake, our estimate of consumption of cruciferous vegetables, and hence of glucosinolates, is relatively low within Europe, which in turn is lower than in North America and several Asian populations.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/ejcn/journal/v62/n3/abs/1602750a.html;jsessionid=DCEA81DF731CB90AB2F12DE3188FB99Den
dc.subjectCruciferous vegetablesen
dc.subjectglucosinolatesen
dc.subjectdietary intakeen
dc.subjectEPICen
dc.subjectEuropean Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutritionen
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAlcohol Drinkingen
dc.subject.meshBody Mass Indexen
dc.subject.meshBrassicaceaeen
dc.subject.meshCohort Studiesen
dc.subject.meshDieten
dc.subject.meshEducational Statusen
dc.subject.meshExerciseen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshGlucosinolatesen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshLeisure Activitiesen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshNeoplasmsen
dc.subject.meshProspective Studiesen
dc.subject.meshSex Distributionen
dc.subject.meshSmokingen
dc.subject.meshSpainen
dc.titleConsumption of cruciferous vegetables and glucosinolates in a Spanish adult population.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutritionen
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