Bioactivity of Medicinal Bolivian Andean plants. Effects on cell proliferation and related processes.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/292843
Title:
Bioactivity of Medicinal Bolivian Andean plants. Effects on cell proliferation and related processes.
Authors:
Rodrigo, Gloria C.
Abstract:
Colon cancer is common in both developed and developing countries, and is responsible for at least 600,000 deaths globally every year. It is therefore the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality. Extensive studies are being conducted worldwide to find more effective drugs that can be used in cancer treatment. In these studies, phytochemicals have proven to be good sources for drug discovery. In Bolivia, there is a long tradition of using plants for medicinal purposes. The objective of the present thesis was to study the effects of extracts and compounds from medicinal plants in Bolivia on the growth of colon cancer (Caco-2) cells. Firstly, a survey of many plant extracts and some isolated compounds for their antiproliferative activity was performed. Sixty-six extracts from thirty-two medicinal plants and 15 extracts from 8 food plants were evaluated for antiproliferative activity in Caco-2 cells. Extracts from 7 plant species showed antiproliferative activity but in most of the preparations tested no cytotoxic activity was observed at the concentrations used. Secondly, some assays including DNA replication, DNA degradation, oligonucleosomal formation, and caspase-3 activity were performed to understand the mechanism by which the compounds isolated affect cell proliferation and cell death. Curcuphenol, isolated from Baccharis genistelloides and Myrmekioderma styx, and damsin and coronopilin, isolated from Ambrosia arborescens, were found to inhibit cell proliferation and to induce cell death in colon cancer cells. Further studies are needed to find new anti-cancer compounds in medicinal plants in Bolivia.
Citation:
Rodrigo G.C.: Bioactivity of Medicinal Bolivian Andean plants. Effects on cell proliferation and related processes. Thesis Lund University 2012.
Publisher:
Lund University, 2012
Issue Date:
22-Nov-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10146/292843
Additional Links:
http://www.lunduniversity.lu.se/o.o.i.s?id=12683&postid=3173821
Type:
Thesis
Language:
en
ISBN:
978-91-7422-298-2
Sponsors:
Some studies described in this thesis were financially supported by ECNIS (European Cancer Risk, Nutrition and Individual Susceptibility), a network of excellence operating within the European Union 6th Framework Program, Priority 5: "Food Quality and Safety" (Contract No 513943) and its successor ECNIS2.
Appears in Collections:
Theses

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo, Gloria C.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-27T11:29:49Z-
dc.date.available2013-05-27T11:29:49Z-
dc.date.issued2012-11-22-
dc.identifier.citationRodrigo G.C.: Bioactivity of Medicinal Bolivian Andean plants. Effects on cell proliferation and related processes. Thesis Lund University 2012.en_GB
dc.identifier.isbn978-91-7422-298-2-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10146/292843-
dc.description.abstractColon cancer is common in both developed and developing countries, and is responsible for at least 600,000 deaths globally every year. It is therefore the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality. Extensive studies are being conducted worldwide to find more effective drugs that can be used in cancer treatment. In these studies, phytochemicals have proven to be good sources for drug discovery. In Bolivia, there is a long tradition of using plants for medicinal purposes. The objective of the present thesis was to study the effects of extracts and compounds from medicinal plants in Bolivia on the growth of colon cancer (Caco-2) cells. Firstly, a survey of many plant extracts and some isolated compounds for their antiproliferative activity was performed. Sixty-six extracts from thirty-two medicinal plants and 15 extracts from 8 food plants were evaluated for antiproliferative activity in Caco-2 cells. Extracts from 7 plant species showed antiproliferative activity but in most of the preparations tested no cytotoxic activity was observed at the concentrations used. Secondly, some assays including DNA replication, DNA degradation, oligonucleosomal formation, and caspase-3 activity were performed to understand the mechanism by which the compounds isolated affect cell proliferation and cell death. Curcuphenol, isolated from Baccharis genistelloides and Myrmekioderma styx, and damsin and coronopilin, isolated from Ambrosia arborescens, were found to inhibit cell proliferation and to induce cell death in colon cancer cells. Further studies are needed to find new anti-cancer compounds in medicinal plants in Bolivia.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipSome studies described in this thesis were financially supported by ECNIS (European Cancer Risk, Nutrition and Individual Susceptibility), a network of excellence operating within the European Union 6th Framework Program, Priority 5: "Food Quality and Safety" (Contract No 513943) and its successor ECNIS2.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherLund University, 2012en_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.lunduniversity.lu.se/o.o.i.s?id=12683&postid=3173821en_GB
dc.subjectColon canceren_GB
dc.subjectMedicinal plantsen_GB
dc.subjectBolivian plantsen_GB
dc.subjectBioactivityen_GB
dc.subjectCell proliferationen_GB
dc.subjectDNA synthesisen_GB
dc.subjectApoptosisen_GB
dc.subjectCaspase-3en_GB
dc.subjectSesquiterpeneen_GB
dc.subjectCurcuphenolen_GB
dc.subjectDamsinen_GB
dc.subjectCoronopilinen_GB
dc.subjectMolecular mechanismsen_GB
dc.titleBioactivity of Medicinal Bolivian Andean plants. Effects on cell proliferation and related processes.en
dc.typeThesisen
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